Wednesday 1 October 2014

Domestic Violence and Indifference

October is Domestic Violence Awareness month, so its fitting that I impart a story that makes me accept that we still — notwithstanding many years of intense talk — don't treat aggressive behavior at home as the genuine wrongdoing it may be.

Megan Shamburg stresses consistently that she'll turn into a feature, a fact, a murder that could have been anticipated. The 27-year-old lady has a 8-month-old little girl, a 7-month-old controlling request and a savage ex who'll be out of a correctional facility in a month.

She said her sweetheart had smacked her while she was holding their child. At the point when representatives from the Los Angeles County sheriff's Lomita station arrived, they let her know to hold up with the child outside while they conversed with the sweetheart.

He told delegates that he never struck Shamburg, yet pushed her away after she hit him. Not one or the other of them had checks or wounds. Agents thought of it as a he said, she said, and left without making a capture.

Shamburg said they provided for her two alternatives: Deputies could pull them both to prison — and put their infant girl in cultivate mind — while analysts sorted things out. On the other hand she could leave the condo.

She exited, for good, that night. Furthermore she got a controlling request the following week that banned her ex from reaching her.

He abused it quickly, Shamburg said. She recorded his calls, spared his writings and archived his dangers.

She contacted his ex and educated he had a rap sheet, with a crime conviction for making passing dangers and a string of aggressive behavior at home captures. Since he was on post trial supervision for those, he was imprisoned in May for disregarding Shamburg's controlling request.

Be that as it may after four months, he was out and pestering Shamburg once more, she said. She advised his probation officer. He retreated to correctional facility in September, however with the lightest conceivable sentence.

There were no affirmations on the grounds that the representatives who went to their home the previous spring had declined to capture him.

"I've got a 3-inch folio loaded with limiting requests, court cases, and infringement …  yet no battery report to demonstrate that he's ever been fierce," Shamburg said.

That is the thing that propelled her on a battle to drive appointees to record for what she considers their detachment to the risk postured by her ex. "They say they can't capture him until he does something," she said. "Anyhow that is past the point of no return for me."

I can't claim to recognize what happened in Shamburg's condo that night in March.

Yet I think it strains the limits of sound judgment to take the expression of a man with a years-long history of ill-use, release the record of a terrified lady, then debilitate her with capture.

Sheriff's Lt. John Wolak is researching Shamburg's objection that agents were "rude, inconsiderate, impolite, or absolute lied" on their report.

Wolak let me know he comprehends that Shamburg is anxious. At the same time he said the case was confused on the grounds that, "on that night, the represective did not establish that a wrongdoing had happened."

Abusive behavior at home advisors I conversed with said Shamburg's case flags an irritating pattern — a sensational increment in the quantity of men who claim, when police arrive, that they are truly the exploited people.

Officers regularly react to the situation by capturing both gatherings. From their perspective, that may be a clean approach to intention the question.

Anyway the risk of double captures might likewise demoralize ladies from calling for help.

"We have seen an emotional increment in ladies needing to safeguard themselves against charges that they started the war," said Adrienne Lamar, co-chief of the Jenesse Center, an abusive behavior at home intercession program in South Los Angeles. Police should be prepared to distinguish the prevailing attacker by history, proof and examples of conduct, she said.

Aggressive behavior at home, all things considered, is about controlling your accomplice through roughness as well as through apprehension.

The "overwhelming assailant" may not be the person who began the battle, yet the one most capable or prone to perpetrate genuine mischief.

That may appear unbiased on paper, yet in genuine living, its not.

Since Shamburg's 6-feet-4, 270-pound ex will never need to stress — as she did that night — that at any second, somebody immeasurably stronger, somebody you've trusted and cherished, may put his hands around your neck and press until you're dead.

Shamburg's journey for a paper trail finally paid profits on Friday, when a delegate head prosecutor let her know that her ex will be accused of crime battery regarding the March occurrence.

It may not extend his prison term much, yet it aides amend the tilt in a framework that off and on again appears weighted against female exploited people.

Shamburg's ex's previous wife sent me a note that said all that needed to be said: "Since we stayed in the relationship the length of we both did, we are judged as insane before he is very dangerous.

Friday 17 January 2014

The principle of indifference

The principle of indifference (also called principle of insufficient reason) is a law for allotting epistemic probabilities. Assume that there are n > 1 mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive possibilities. The principle of indifference states that if the n possibilities are indistinguishable excepting their names, then each possibility must be assigned a probability equal to 1/n.

In Bayesian probability, this is the easiest non-informative prior. The principle of indifference is pointless under the frequency interpretation of probability, in which probabilities are relative frequencies rather than degrees of belief in doubtful propositions, conditional upon a state of information.

Friday 1 March 2013


The principle of indifference is a rule for assigning epistemic probabilities. Suppose that there are n > 1 mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive possibilities. The principle of indifference states that if the n possibilities are indistinguishable except for their names, then each possibility should be assigned a probability equal to 1/n.

In Bayesian probability, this is the simplest non-informative prior. The principle of indifference is meaningless under the frequency interpretation of probability, in which probabilities are relative frequencies rather than degrees of belief in uncertain propositions, conditional upon a state of information.

Monday 16 July 2012


Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment or deprivation. This definition associates intentionality with the committing of the act itself, irrespective of the outcome it produces.
Globally, violence takes the lives of more than 1.5 million people annually: just over 50% due to suicide, some 35% due to homicide, and just over 12% as a direct result of war or some other form of conflict. For each single death due to violence, there are dozens of hospitalizations, hundreds of emergency department visits, and thousands of doctors' appointments. Furthermore, violence often has lifelong consequences for victims' physical and mental health and social functioning and can slow economic and social development.

Violence, however, is preventable. Evidence shows strong relationships between levels of violence and potentially modifiable factors such as concentrated poverty, income and gender inequality, the harmful use of alcohol, and the absence of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships between children and parents. Scientific research shows that strategies addressing the underlying causes of violence can be effective in preventing violence. Examples of scientifically credible strategies to prevent violence include nurse home-visiting and parenting education to prevent child maltreatment; life skills training for children ages 6–18 years; school-based programmes to address gender norms and attitudes; reducing alcohol availability and misuse through enactment and enforcement of liquor licensing laws, taxation and pricing; reducing access to guns and knives; and promoting gender equality by, for instance, supporting the economic empowerment of women.

Sunday 18 September 2011


Violence is the use of physical force to apply a state to others contrary to their wishes. Physical violence, while often a stand-alone issue, is likely the culmination of other kinds of conflict, i.e. two countries may war with each other when diplomatic (political) efforts are exhausted, or a victim of emotional violence may "snap" and attempt to kill their tormentor. Such killings may be tried as a lesser crime than first degree murder, taking the circumstances into account and recognising that tolerances can be exceeded driving one form of violence to spawn another in defense.

Worldwide, violence is used as a tool of manipulation and also is an area of concern for law and culture which make attempts to suppress and stop it. The word violence covers a broad spectrum. It can vary from a physical altercation between two beings to war and genocide where millions may die as a result. The Global Peace Index, updated in June 2010, ranks 149 countries according to the "absence of violence".